Surgical access to the posterior portion of the mediobasal temporal lobe presents a formidable challenge to neurosurgeons, and much controversy still exists regarding the selection of the surgical approach to this region. The supracerebellar transtentorial (SCTT) approach to the posterior mediobasal temporal region can be used as an alternative to the subtemporal or transtemporal approaches. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the surgical anatomy of the SCTT approach and review the gyral, sulcal, and vascular anatomy of the posterior mediobasal temporal lobe. The use of this approach in the resection of a ganglioglioma located in the left posterior parahippocampal gyrus is illustrated.METHODS
The SCTT approach to the posterior parahippocampal gyrus was performed on three silicone-injected cadaveric heads. The gyral, sulcal, and arterial anatomy of the posterior mediobasal temporal lobe was studied in six formalin-fixed injected hemispheres.RESULTS
The SCTT approach provided a direct path to the posterior mediobasal temporal lobe and exposed the posterior parahippocampal gyrus as well as the adjacent gyri in all of the cadaveric specimens. Through this approach, gross total resection of the ganglioglioma was possible in our patient.CONCLUSION
The SCTT approach provided a viable surgical route to the posterior mediobasal temporal lobe in the cadaveric studies. This approach provides an advantage over the subtemporal and transtemporal routes in that there is less temporal lobe retraction.