A COMPARISON BETWEEN STEM CELLS FROM THE ADULT HUMAN BRAIN AND FROM BRAIN TUMORS

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To directly compare stem cells from the normal adult human brain (adult human neural stem cells [AHNSC]), Grade II astrocytomas (AC II), and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), with respect to proliferative and tumor-forming capacity and differentiation potential.

METHODS

Cells were isolated from tissue obtained during epilepsy surgery (AHNSCs) or tumor surgery (glioma stem cells [GSC]). They were cultured and investigated in vitro or after transplantation in immunodeficient mice.

RESULTS

Under identical experimental conditions, the following were found: 1) GBM stem cells formed tumors after orthotopic transplantation; AHNSCs showed no sign of tumor formation; 2) GSCs showed a significantly higher growth rate and self-renewal capacity; 3) both the growth rate and telomerase expression were high in GSCs and correlated with malignancy grade (GBM higher than AC II); AHNSCs had low telomerase expression; 4) GSCs invaded normal neurospheres, not vice versa; 5) both AHNSCs and stem cells from AC II and GBM responded to differentiation cues with a dramatic decrease in the proliferation index (Ki-67); 6) GSCs differentiated faster than AHNSCs; 7) upon differentiation, AHNSCs produced normal glia and neurons; GSCs produced morphologically aberrant cells often expressing both glial and neuronal antigens; and 8) differentiation of AHNSCs resulted in 2 typical functional phenotypes: neurons (high electrical membrane resistance, ability to generate action potentials) and glial cells (low membrane resistance, no action potentials). In contrast, GSCs resulted in only 1 functional phenotype: cells with high electrical resistance and active membrane properties capable of generating action potentials.

CONCLUSION

AHNSCs and stem cells from AC II and GBM differ with respect to proliferation, tumor-forming capacity, and rate and pattern of differentiation.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles