Protein and Calorie Requirements Associated With the Presence of Obesity

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Obesity compounds the metabolic response to critical illness and increases the risk for overfeeding complications due to its comorbidities. Hypocaloric, high-protein nutrition therapy affords the hospitalized patient with obesity the opportunity to achieve net protein anabolism with a reduced risk of overfeeding complications. The intent of this review is to provide the theoretical framework for development of a hypocaloric high-protein regimen, scientific evidence to support this mode of therapy, and unique considerations for its use in specialized subpopulations. Macronutrient goals and practical suggestions for patient monitoring are given.

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