Safety in the Use of Dexmedetomidine (Precedex) for Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery: Our Experience in 23 Randomized Patients

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Abstract

Objective:

Evaluation of safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine in deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery.

Materials and Methods:

A cohort of 23 patients, candidates for DBS for Parkinson's disease, Tourette syndrome, or obsessive-compulsive disorder, was randomized in two groups: dexmedetomidine group and control group. Standard anesthesiologic parameters were recorded and analyzed, together with the need for other medications. A ten-degree scale (visual analog scale) assessing patient discomfort during DBS also was recorded at the end of surgery.

Results:

The results demonstrated good stability of intraoperative monitoring: no respiratory depression and good overall cooperation with the neurologist, while no side-effects were recorded.

Conclusions:

Our conclusion is that dexmedetomidine should be considered as a valuable option for sedation in poorly collaborating patients undergoing DBS surgery.

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