Effect of vasopressin on responses of individual neurons of the nucl. caudalis of the spinal trigeminal tract was studied on rats under urethan anesthesia; the responses were evoked by nociceptive (stimulation of the tooth pulp) or non-nociceptive (stimulation of Aa fibers of the infraorbital nerve) afferent activation. After injection of 10 nM vasopressin into the recording zone, responses evoked by stimulation of the tooth pulp were suppressed in all studied neurons of the high-threshold group; the same was true as to responses induced by stimulation of the tooth pulp and infraorbital nerve in most neurons of the convergent group. At the same time, vasopressin did not change the responses evoked by stimulation of Aa fibers of the infraorbital nerve in neurons of the low-threshold group. Possible involvement of vasopressin in the process of pain suppression is discussed.