We investigated the functional organization of the human auditory cortex using a novel electrophysiological recording technique combined with an advanced brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique. Tonotopic mapping data were obtained during single unit recording along the Heschl's gyrus. Most of the units studied (73%) demonstrated sharply tuned excitatory responses. A tonotopic pattern was observed with the best frequencies systematically increasing as more medial-caudal recording sites were sampled. Additionally, a new auditory field along the posterior aspect of the superior temporal gyrus has been identified using a high spatial resolution direct recording technique. Results obtained during electrical stimulation demonstrate functional connectivity between the primary auditory cortex and the auditory field in the posterior superior temporal gyrus.