Epllepsy is a chronic disorder that first appears in childhood. Seizure types and presentation vary from dramatic and obvious to subtle and discrete. Accurate identification of the seizure type is imperative to ensure proper disease management. The International League Against Epilepsy has developed two classification systems—the classification of Epileptic Seizures and the classification of Epllepsies and Eplleptic Syndromes—to assist in the provision of an international language of epllepsy, to improve the diagnosis and management of seizures, and to establish prognostic criteria. Knowledge of the classification systems of seizures, seizure types, and management of seizures is essential in the delivery of health promotion, disease prevention, and anticipatory guidance for the child with epllepsy. The primary care practitioner is often the first person consulted when medical questions or problems arise, and therefor is in a key position to detect seizures, monitor treatment, and educate the family. A comprehensive knowledge of pediatric epllepsy will allow the practitioner to provide the additional resources needed to coordinate the care of this special population.