Reliability and validity of the Salford-Scott Nursing Values Questionnaire in Turkish

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Abstract

Background:

Developing professional values among nursing students is important because values are a significant predictor of the quality care that will be provided, the clients’ recognition, and consequently the nurses’ job satisfaction. The literature analysis showed that there is only one validated tool available in Turkish that examines both the personal and the professional values of nursing students.

Objective:

The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Salford-Scott Nursing Values Questionnaire in Turkish.

Design of the study:

This study was a Turkish linguistic and cultural adaptation of a research tool.

Participants and research context:

The sample of this study consisted of 627 undergraduate nursing students from different geographical areas of Turkey.

Two questionnaires were used for data collection:

a socio-demographic form and the Salford-Scott Nursing Values Questionnaire. For the Salford-Scott Nursing Values Questionnaire, construct validity was examined using factor analyses.

Ethical considerations:

The study was approved by the Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine Research Ethics Board. Students were informed that participation in the study was entirely voluntary and anonymous.

Results:

Item content validity index ranged from 0.66 to 1.0, and the total content validity index was 0.94. The Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin measure of sampling was 0.870, and Bartlett’s test of sphericity was statistically significant (x2 = 3108.714, p < 0.001). Construct validity was examined using factor analyses and the six factors were identified. Cronbach’s alpha was used to assess the internal consistency reliability and the value of 0.834 was obtained.

Conclusion:

Our analyses showed that the Turkish version of Salford-Scott Nursing Values Questionnaire has high validity and reliability.

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