SCREENING: A risk-based framework to decide who benefits from screening

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Abstract

We believe that current controversies surrounding screening might be better approached by shifting the question from ‘does screening work?’ to ‘for whom does screening work?’ We propose a ‘rule-out/rule-in’ principle as an intellectual basis and starting point for screening. Finally, we advocate the ‘equal management of equal risks’ principle as an unifying framework for developing simplified and consistent screening guidelines and practice.

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