Revisiting Quality of Life for Elders in Long-Term Care: An Integrative Review

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Abstract

PURPOSE.

To review the literature on quality of life (QOL) among elders in long-term care settings, specifically focusing on measurement of QOL, influencing factors, and interventions to improve QOL.

CONCLUSION.

Multiple instruments were used to measure QOL with little overlap and limited ability to compare across studies. Categories of influencing factors included physical function, environment, social support, and mood/spiritual. Interventions targeted changes in environment, physical activity, and meaningful interaction.

PRACTICE IMPLICATION.

Knowledge of the factors influencing QOL and findings from research on interventions will assist nurses in individualizing care approaches to improve QOL among elders in long-term care settings.

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