Development of a fall prevention program for elderly Japanese people

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a fall prevention program adapted to the individual risks of elderly patients in a long-term care facility by increasing the caregiving skills and motivation of the staff members. The fall prevention program was created by synthesizing information based on evidence-based practice and action research methodology was chosen to complete the development of the program. There were 31 participating patients in the intervention ward and 20 patients in the control ward. The Generalized Self-efficacy Scale and the Social Support Scale were used to evaluate fall prevention skills the motivation of the staff members. The fall prevention program helped to reduce injuries from 41.9% to 9.7% among the elderly participants and to increase emotional support and self-efficacy among the staff members. Empowerment was considered to be a driving force. The fall prevention program was shown to be acceptable for use among elderly individuals in a long-term care facility.

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