To assess the clinical utility of high-resolution inter-ictal single photon emission tomography (SPET) of regional cerebral perfusion and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain with a phased-array temporal lobe coil, 35 patients with presumed partial epilepsy were evaluated prospectively by these techniques in addition to prolonged video/electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring. Twenty of these patients had surgical treatment of partial epilepsy with outcome determinations spanning from 12 months to 3 years at follow-up. There were four categories of imaging findings as compared to scalp/sphenoidal EEG localization. Category 1 included 12 patients (34% of total) in whom there was complete imaging and EEG concordance. Category II included 4 patients (11%) in whom MRI and EEG were concordant but SPET was divergent or normal. Category III included 13 patients (37%) in whom SPET and EEG were concordant but MRI was divergent or normal. Category IV included 4 patients (11%) in whom neither SPET nor MRI was concordant with EEG. In this study, the relative sensitivities of SPET and MRI for localization of partial epilepsy based on prolonged scalp/sphenoidal video/EEG recordings were 76% and 49%, respectively. We conclude that these neuroimaging techniques (phased-array MRI and inter-ictal cerebral perfusion SPET) are complementary and useful in the pre-operative evaluation of patients with partial epilepsy.