We assessed the relationship between 99Tcm-HMDP extraosseous accumulation (EOA), the histopathology of primary lesions and various laboratory findings. In 155 of 4824 patients, 163 EOA were noted. Of these, 33.7% were in the abdomen, 27.6% in the chest, 22.7% in the extremities, 9.8% in the pelvic area and 6.1% in the head and neck area. We found that 72.4% of EOA were due to malignant processes and 27.6% to benign processes. In the abdomen, 36.6% of the EOA were due to hepatocellular carcinoma and intestinal carcinoma. In the chest, 46.7% of EOA were a result of breast carcinoma. In the extremities, 28.7% of the EOA were due to sarcoma. The mean white blood cell count was elevated (8.0 ± 6.3 × 103) in patients with malignant processes. The mean serum haemoglobin and haematocrit in benign and malignant processes, for both males and females, were below normal values. All other laboratory findings were within normal limits. Significant differences in serum haemoglobin and haematocrit were noted between male and female patients with benign processes (P = 0.04 and P = 0.04, respectively). No other significant differences between benign and malignant processes were noted. Therefore, EOA is more frequently associated with malignant processes of primary lesions and is often accompanied by leukocytosis and anaemia.