SeHCAT retention values as measured with a collimated and an uncollimated gamma camera: a method comparison study

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Abstract

TauroH-23-(75Se) selena-25-homocholic acid retention values are used in the diagnosis of bile acid malabsorption. The standard method for measuring values is with an uncollimated gamma camera, which can create some logistic difficulties, with other background sources of activity, which are irrelevant when a collimator is used, becoming significant. In this study we compare the retention values obtained with a collimated and an uncollimated gamma camera in phantoms and in 23 patients. Bland–Altman plots were created using the data, which showed a mean bias in retention of 0.10% in the phantom study and 0.55% in the patient study between methods. A Wilcoxon signed-rank test with the null hypothesis of zero median difference between uncollimated and collimated methods was not statistically significant to P values less than 0.05 in the patient and phantom studies. In the patient study, on using a fixed boundary of retention (10%) between positive and negative status, the status of one patient was changed from negative (12%) to positive (9%). We conclude that measurement of retention with a collimated gamma camera is similar but not identical to that of uncollimated values. The clinical significance of this shift is unclear, as the threshold of significance and the method of integrating this measure with other clinical factors into management remain unclear.

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