Value of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in the staging, restaging, monitoring of response to therapy and surveillance of uterine leiomyosarcomas

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


ObjectiveLeiomyosarcoma (LMS) is the most common subtype of uterine sarcomas. It is a rare and aggressive tumour. The aim of the present study was to assess the performance of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT imaging in four clinical settings: initial staging, restaging, monitoring of response to therapy and post-therapy surveillance of uterine LMS.Patients and methodsA bicentric retrospective study was carried out on a group of 21 patients with uterine LMS for whom a total of 52 PET/CT scans were available in initial staging (n=11), restaging (n=11), monitoring of response to therapy (n=17) and post-therapy surveillance (n=13). Clinical (minimum 6 months after PET/CT scan) and/or imaging follow-up and pathology were used as the reference standard.ResultsIn the initial staging, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of PET imaging were 80, 100 and 91%, respectively. In the restaging and monitoring of response to therapy, all these indices were 100%, whereas they were lower in post-therapy surveillance at 75, 100 and 85%, respectively, because of two false-negative results. False-negative lesions were an infracentimetric lung nodule in the initial staging and a peritoneal nodule that had increased in size between two PET/CT scans in post-therapy surveillance. PET-negative lesions were all identified on the computed tomography (CT) part of the PET/CT; thus, the performances of the exam improved to 100% on taking into account the CT component of the PET/CT.ConclusionPET/CT imaging has a high diagnostic yield in the initial staging and restaging of uterine LMS, but seems less sensitive in post-therapy surveillance. Evaluation of the CT part improves the sensitivity of the PET scan. Thus, PET/CT imaging should be considered in patients presenting with LMS.

    loading  Loading Related Articles