|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
The present study provides actual data with regard to the prevalence of myocardial ischemia among patients under contemporary cardiovascular prevention strategies undergoing peripheral vascular interventions. We included a total of 200 consecutive patients who underwent gated single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion study between January 2012 and January 2014 as preoperative evaluation for peripheral vascular interventions at our institution. The baseline medical treatment comprised aspirin (81%), statins (79%), and β-blockers (54%). Thirty-two (16%) patients underwent carotid revascularization; 69 (34.5%) patients underwent lower limb revascularization, and 99 patients underwent aortic interventions. Twenty-six (13%) patients showed evidence of myocardial ischemia, with an extensive ischemic burden identified in seven (3.5%) patients. Within the group of patients with peripheral vasculopathy, those with lower limb arteriopathy had a higher prevalence of ischemia. According to the results of the myocardial perfusion study, the cardiology in charge indicated invasive coronary angiography in 11/26 (42%) patients with evidence of myocardial ischemia. Seven of the 11 (64%) patients who had coronary angiography were revascularized. After a mean follow-up of 24 months, no cardiovascular adverse events were detected.