Actual impact of screening for myocardial ischemia with single-photon emission tomography among patients undergoing peripheral vascular interventions

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Abstract

The present study provides actual data with regard to the prevalence of myocardial ischemia among patients under contemporary cardiovascular prevention strategies undergoing peripheral vascular interventions. We included a total of 200 consecutive patients who underwent gated single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion study between January 2012 and January 2014 as preoperative evaluation for peripheral vascular interventions at our institution. The baseline medical treatment comprised aspirin (81%), statins (79%), and β-blockers (54%). Thirty-two (16%) patients underwent carotid revascularization; 69 (34.5%) patients underwent lower limb revascularization, and 99 patients underwent aortic interventions. Twenty-six (13%) patients showed evidence of myocardial ischemia, with an extensive ischemic burden identified in seven (3.5%) patients. Within the group of patients with peripheral vasculopathy, those with lower limb arteriopathy had a higher prevalence of ischemia. According to the results of the myocardial perfusion study, the cardiology in charge indicated invasive coronary angiography in 11/26 (42%) patients with evidence of myocardial ischemia. Seven of the 11 (64%) patients who had coronary angiography were revascularized. After a mean follow-up of 24 months, no cardiovascular adverse events were detected.

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