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The present paper deals with subdivision schemes associated with irregular grids. We first give a sufficient condition concerning the difference scheme to obtain convergence. This condition generalizes a necessary and sufficient condition for convergence known in the case of uniform and stationary schemes associated with a regular grid. Through this sufficient condition, convergence of a given subdivision scheme can be proved by comparison with another scheme. Indeed, when two schemes are equivalent in some sense, and when one satisfies the sufficient condition for convergence, the other also satisfies it and it therefore converges too. We also study the smoothness of the limit functions produced by a scheme which satisfies the sufficient condition. Finally, the results are applied to the study of Lagrange interpolating subdivision schemes of any degree, with respect to particular irregular grids.