Despite high awareness of the need, opportunities for nurses to gain disaster experience or training are limited. In Korea, most disaster training is done in an undergraduate curriculum where there is very limited practice, and the educational topics are mostly focused on the field aspect of disaster events. The purpose of this study was to determine the need for such training for hospital nurses and to determine appropriate and relevant components of the training contents. A qualitative survey approach using the modified Delphi method was used to collect and analyze the data. The surveys were conducted in 3 rounds. After the results were analyzed from the third-round survey, the authors finalized the contents for a training program to prepare nurses for their roles during disasters. Through a structured needs analysis using a modified Delphi survey, the framework for the content development of disaster training curriculum for hospital nurses was developed.