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Use of reality orientation with elderly confused patients in a nursing home setting was evaluated. Although no significant differences were found in degree of confusion, as measured by the questionnaire developed for this study, between an experimental group who participated in a concentrated three-week reality orientation program and a control group, many effects were positive. Nursing home staff were cooperative and helpful. Families of some of the patients were pleased with improvements in their relatives. Many patients became less confused, more open, and appeared to be more alert.