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Fibromyalgia is a chronic medical condition characterized by widespread body pain and uncontrollable fatigue. It is often accompanied by many other problems such as irritable bowel, headaches, sleep disorder, and poor circulation. Diagnostic criteria including tender point locations and various other symptoms are provided to aid in recognizing fibromyalgia. Treatment options including the latest drug therapies and self-help therapies should assist the health care provider in treating the fibromyalgia patient. The clinician and the patient must work closely together to identify the combination of treatment options and medications that are most beneficial to each patient. Patient education is crucial since patients who understand their medical condition will be better able to manage their symptoms. Through further research and education, an improved quality of life for patients with fibromyalgia and their families can be attained.