Effect of Guideline Implementation on Costs of Hand Hygiene

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Executive SummaryHands of health care personnel frequently serve as vectors for the transmission of organisms between patients and are also a major reservoir for pathogens with antimicrobial resistance.Hand hygiene is one effective strategy to reduce health care associated infections.The purposes of this study were to (a) compare the costs of hand hygiene in hospitals with high and low hand hygiene compliance as well as high and low frequency of alcohol hand rub use; and (b) examine associations between hospital characteristics and hand hygiene compliance as well as frequency of alcohol hand rub use.Nursing and health care policy leaders should look for ways to promote sustained adherence to hand hygiene recommendations.

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