Anatomy and physiology of ageing 6: the eyes and ears

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This article has been double-blind peer reviewed

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The special senses - sight, hearing, smell, touch and balance - allow us to perceive the world and communicate. Like all body systems, they undergo agerelated changes that negatively affect their function. Physiological changes to the eyes and ears mean older people gradually see, hear and balance less well. The changes also increase the risk of conditions such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, and conductive and sensory hearing loss. This sixth article in our series on the effects of age on the body describes what happens to the eyes and ears.

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