In the United States, organic label claims are regulated by the US Department of Agriculture through a unique and complex 3-tiered categorization. Organic labeling rules were first introduced on a national scale in the 1990s. Over the last 3 decades, the organic market has continued to attract more consumers and manufacturers. Other nations currently regulate 'organic” claims allowing for the international trade of products using only 1 category. The purpose of this article is to describe 3 categories currently used in the United States and to discuss the potential of reforming the current system to provide clarity for consumers and enhance international trade.