Effectiveness of Physical Activity Interventions on Preventing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Excessive Maternal Weight Gain: A Meta-analysis

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(BJOG. 2015;122(9):1167–1174)

Pregnant women who experience excessive maternal weight gain (MWG) are at increased risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hypertension, preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, macrosomia, stillbirth, and perinatal complications. It has been suggested that physical activity (PA) during pregnancy might help to prevent some of these risks. However, clinicians are reluctant to recommend PA to pregnant women due to conflicting evidence. In order to determine whether or not PA prevents GDM and excessive MWG, the authors of the present meta-analysis reviewed randomized controlled trials and assessed the effectiveness of physical exercise programs during pregnancy in preventing excessive MWG and GDM.

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