ABRUPTIO PLACENTAE An Assessment of the Time and Method of Delivery

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Abstract

Abruptio placentae occurs once per 120 deliveries, but accounts for 15–25% of all perinatal mortality. Several series in the literature suggest that an abnormal fetal-maternal relationship exists in patients with abruptio placentae weeks prior to the actual placental separation and that the separation is only the terminal event. A review of the literature and an analysis of 388 cases of abruptio placentae from the US Navy Coding System were undertaken. It was found that approximately 75% of fetal deaths occurred more than 90 minutes after admission to the hospital and almost 70% of all perinatal mortality occurred in infants who were delivered more than 2 hours from the time of diagnosis. Delivery by cesarcan section improved survival in those infants weighing 1500 g or greater and reduced perinatal mortality as much as fourfold in some reports. A prospective study is proposed which would compare two methods of management of this condition.

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