Ovulation Induction in Amenorrheic Women

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Seventy-six patients with primary or secondary amenorrhea who wished to conceive were treated with clomiphene citrate, 2-Br-α-ergocryptine, and/or human menopausal gonadotropins (hMG). Of these 71 patients who received clomiphene citrate, 39 (55%) ovulated. Of these 71 patients, 52 had withdrawal uterine bleeding following IM progesterone, and 38 (73%) ovulated; only 1 of the 19 who did not bleed ovulated (P< 0.001). Ovulation occurred in the former group of patients whether or not they had galactorrhea. Of the 32 patients who failed to ovulate despite treatment with the maximal dose of clomiphene, 250 mg/ day for 5 days, 26 received hMG-hCG. All 26 ovulated and 15 conceived. All 8 patients with amenorrhea-galactorrhea who were treated either primarily or secondarily with bromergocryptine ovulated, and 4 conceived. Therefore, the drug of choice for ovulation induction in amenorrheic patients depends on 1) the presence of withdrawal bleeding after progesterone and 2) the presence of galactorrhea. In all patients with progesterone withdrawal bleeding with or without galactorrhea, the initial treatment of choice is clomiphene citrate. In the absence of withdrawal bleeding, hMG should be administered if galactorrhea is absent, and bromergocryptine should be administered if galactorrhea is present

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