Autologous Blood Transfusions and Pregnancy

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The application of autologous and frozen red blood cell (RBC) programs is described for 3 pregnant women with antibodies to high-incidence blood group antigens (anti- Lutheranb, anli-Cellano, anti-Vel). The cases illustrate how readily available supplies or rare blood types can be maintained throughout pregnancy using autologous and frozen RBC techniques, including selective predeposit, “family-sharing,” and intensive phlebotomy with fluid replacement. The RBC phenotypes described in this paper are exceedingly rare since they occur in only 0.1— 0.001% of random donors. However, the principles of autologous blood transfusions are universal and they can be applied to the general problems of blood group incompatibility in pregnancy.

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