The pathology of 1436 cases of female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) observed from 1946 to 1977 is reviewed. The frequency of FGTB was highest in 1956, when it represented 5.5% of all gynecologic pathology specimens. The incidence declined in 1964 as a result of a nationwide antituberculosis campaign, falling to 0.27% in 1977. Sixty-six percent of the patients were 25-35 years of age, and 11% were postmenopausal. All patients presented with either primary (94%) or secondary (6%) infertility. The percentages of involvement of the different parts of the genital tract were: fallopian tubes 100%, endometrium 79%, cervix 24%, vulva and vagina 0.07%, and ovaries 11%. The clinicopathologic and diagnostic criteria of FGTB in the different regions arc described, and special attention is paid to the effects of specific treatment on the tuberculous lesion.