Ileus of the colon with cecal dilatation and perforation

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Segmental dilatation of the colon without obstruction is an unusual but recognizable entity, distinct from mechanical obstruction and paralytic ileus. Cases of ileus of the colon with cecal dilatation following delivery and gynecologic surgery are collected from the literature, and 3 recent cases are presented: 1 following cesarean section and 2 following abdominal hysterectomy. The etiology of this condition is still obscure and the clinical features are deceptive. The occurrence of this entity in obstetric and gynecologic patients is by no means a rarity and warrants a familiarity with and early recognition of this entity on the part of the physician in order to avoid serious sequelae.

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