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A retrospective analysis was conducted of 668 consecutive cases using T-tube suction drainage and/or prophylactic antibiotics as infection prophylaxis for hysterectomy. The data are analyzed for the incidence of minor febrile morbidity (temperature > 100.4 for 2 days) and for major infection (hospital stay more than 14 days, reoperation or readmission for the management of pelvic abcess or pelvic thrombophlebitis). The study also compares a minor febrile and major infection group with a noninfected group by measuring parameters of patient discomfort, medical staff effort, and financial costs. It is concluded that 1) minor febrile morbidity frequently follows abdominal (20–30%) and vaginal (30–50%) hysterectomy; 2) minor febrile morbidity has temporary but significant consequences in the form of increased patient discomfort, medical staff effort, and financial costs; 3) major infections are rare following abdominal hysterectomy (< 0.5%) and uncommon following vaginal hysterectomy (1–4%); 4) suction drainage used alone, prophylactic antibiotics used alone, or a combination of suction drainage and antibiotic prophylaxis is each associated with a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of minor febrile morbidity following both abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy (P= < 0.01); and 5) such infection prophylaxis may also reduce the incidence of major infection following vaginal hysterectomy.