EVACUATION PROCTOGRAPHY (DEFECOGRAPHY): AN AID TO THE INVESTIGATION OF PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERS

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Patients with pelvic floor disorders frequently have associated anorectal dysfunction, which can be evaluated by a variety of laboratory tests. Evacuation proctography (defecography) documents the process of rectal evacuation and therefore demonstrates disorders of defecation, particularly those of an obstructive nature. It provides objective information about rectocele size and emptying and demonstrates coexistent enteroceles, many of which are missed on physical examination. This radiographic technique is the method of choice for recognizing rectal intussusception, the mechanism by which rectal prolapse occurs. Proctography suggests the diagnosis of spastic pelvic floor (anismus), a disorder amenable to biofeedback therapy. Proctography has limited application in anal incontinence unless there are associated obstructive symptoms. Evaluation of bladder dysfunction is aided by concomitant cystography. Gynecologists managing pelvic floor disorders should assess coexistent anorectal dysfunction, as undiagnosed enteroceles and disorders of defecation are an important cause of persistent or recurrent symptoms following pelvic floor repair. A comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to pelvic floor disorders is recommended. (Obstet Gynecol 1994;83:307-14)

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles