A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials in Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical Education

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The volume of Ob-Gyn MedEd research is steadily increasing. Systematic reviews of Ob-Gyn MedEd research are limited and no comprehensive systematic review of RCTs has been completed.


A literature search encompassing Ob-Gyn MedEd RCTs published between January 2000 and July 2015 was performed. MEDLINE database and author references were searched. Inclusion criteria included: obstetrics and gynecology and related subspecialties, and undergraduate and graduate medical education. Abstracts were coded based on topics, study subjects, data collection method, method of randomization, journal type and statistical methodology. Each manuscript was independently assessed by 2 reviewers. PRISMA guidelines were followed for the planning, conduct and reporting of the review.


Fifty-one abstracts meeting inclusion criteria were evaluated. The most common RCT topics studied were simulation (57%), educator approach (12%), and teaching the clinical sciences (8%). Methods of data collection include use of performance scoring and global rating scales (51%), and surveys, questionnaires, and written testing (33%). Groups studied included residents (59%), medical students (39%), and both (2%). Studies were published in obstetrics and/or gynecology journals (71%), followed by surgery (10%) and medical education (8%).


There are few studies with sufficient commonalities to perform meta-analyses on Ob-Gyn MedEd topics. The data provide a road map for future studies.

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