Delivery of Nulliparous Women at Term with Vaginismus [15C]

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To compare the mode of delivery of nulliparous women with vaginismus at term to those without vaginismus.


This was a retrospective case-control study. Nulliparous women ≥37 weeks presenting in labor with a diagnosis of vaginismus, defined as chronic recurring difficulty for a woman to allow vaginal penetration, were included. The control group consisted of the next two nulliparous women delivering at term. Delivery data were compared between the groups.


26 women with vaginismus were compared to 52 controls. Demographics were similar between the groups. The cesarean delivery rate was significantly higher in the vaginismus group (38% vs. 13%, p=0.019). Maternal request was the major contributing factor (19% vs. 0%, p=0.002). Four women in the vaginismus group required perineal suturing using IV sedation or general anesthesia compared to none in the control group.


Nulliparous women with vaginismus have a significantly higher cesarean delivery rate. Maternal request is a major contributing factor rather than standard obstetrical indications. Perineal repair following vaginal delivery often requires iv sedation in the operating room.

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