English- and Spanish Speaking Males are Similarly Uninformed about Pregnancy Health Risks [22N]

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Male partners of pregnant women may have a significant impact on the decisions a pregnant woman makes regarding her prenatal care. Understanding male partners’ perceptions of reproductive health may help elucidate some of the influences that impact pregnancy decision-making. This study seeks to evaluate the understanding of pregnancy health risks among English- and Spanish-speaking male partners of pregnant women.

METHODS:

Men were individually interviewed in private areas of a prenatal clinic at a public teaching hospital. IRB approval was granted by LABioMed and Western University of Health Sciences. Statistical significance was identified with a Chi Square test when P<.05.

RESULTS:

125 surveys were analyzed. 18% of respondents were Spanish-speaking, while 62% were Hispanic. 26% of men couldn't name one pregnancy-related health risk in an open-ended question; language preference did not significantly impact risk naming (P=.313). 42% of men knew that the risk for blood clot increases during pregnancy when presented with a list of health problems; no significant impact of language preference was observed (P=.413). 82% of men considered the birth control pill as more hazardous to a woman’s health than pregnancy; no significant impact of language preference was observed on this perception (P=.890).

CONCLUSION:

Men are largely unaware of the health risks of pregnancy regardless of English or Spanish language preference. Educating men about those risks may help both them and their partners make informed decisions before and during pregnancy, potentially increasing the chance of their compliance with healthcare provider recommendations for contraception or pregnancy.

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