Quality of Life After Abdominoplasty in Women After Bariatric Surgery

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Abstract

Background

Abdominal skin overhang is not unusual after massive weight loss induced by antiobesity interventions, and poor quality of life should be feared in such circumstances, especially in women. However, long-term results of quality of life have not been often documented in this setting. With the purpose of addressing this question, a prospective study was designed.

Methods

Patients (n = 16, 100% females, age 40.1 ± 8.0 years) submitted to standard or combined circumferential abdominoplasty were recruited for this study. All had undergone open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between 24 and 48 months earlier with stable weight in the last 12 months. Quality of life was assessed by a trained psychologist employing of a semistructured interview, the Adaptative Operationalized Diagnostic Scale (AODS), covering affectivity/personal relations, productivity, social/cultural performance, and organic/somatic health.

Results

Circumferential abdominoplasty was followed by few problems (serous fluid collections in 18.8%, anemia because of blood loss in 6.3%). The best overall response to the AODS questionnaire corresponded to the social and cultural domain where 81.3% of the patients had excellent adaptation (level 1). For the other three domains, results were remarkably similar with 62.5% of the tests displaying the highest value of adaptation and rare total failures.

Conclusions

(1) The current operation corresponded to the expectations of the patients with few complications and favorable body contouring result. (2) Quality of life, quantified by means of adaptation and social adjustment scores, was adequate in most circumstances. (3) Outstanding responses for social/cultural performance were registered with encouraging findings for affectivity/personal relations, productivity, and organic/somatic health as well.

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