Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy with Minimal Morbidity Early Results in 120 Morbidly Obese Patients

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Abstract

Background

In recent years, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a single-stage procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity is becoming increasingly popular. Of continuing concern are the rate of postoperative complications and the lack of consensus as to surgical technique.

Methods

A prospective study assessment was made of 120 consecutive morbidly obese patients with body mass index (BMI) of 43 ± 5 (30 to 63), who underwent LSG using the following technique: (1) division of the vascular supply of the greater gastric curvature and application of the linear stapler-cutter device beginning at 6-7 cm from the pylorus so that part of the antrum remains; (2) inversion of the staple line by placement of a seroserosal continuous suture close to the staple line; (3) use of a 48 Fr bougie so as to avoid possible stricture; (4) firing of the stapler parallel to the bougie to make the sleeve as narrow as possible and prevent segmental dilatation.

Results

Intraoperative difficulties were encountered in four patients. There were no postoperative complications—no hemorrhage from the staple line, no anastomotic leakage or stricture, and no mortality. In 20 patients prior to the sleeve procedure, a gastric band was removed. During a median follow-up of 11.7 months (range 2-31 months), percent of excess BMI lost reached 53 ± 24% and the BMI decreased from 43 ± 5 to 34 ± 5 kg/m2. Patient satisfaction scoring (1-4) at least 1 year after surgery was 3.6 ± 0.8.

Conclusions

The good early results obtained with the above-outlined surgical technique in 120 consecutive patients undergoing LSG indicate that it is a safe and effective procedure for morbid obesity. However, long-term results are still pending.

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