Information is scant assessing outcomes in lung transplantation (LT) in advanced occupational lung diseases (OLD).Aims
To analyse survival after LT for OLD.Methods
Using data from the US Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network Registry (OPTN-R), we identified subjects aged ≥18 years transplanted for OLD from 2005 to 2010. OPTN-R selected referents of corresponding age, sex and body mass index (BMI) who underwent LT for other diagnoses were also identified. Post-LT survival time was estimated with Cox proportional hazard models. Baseline age, BMI, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, creatinine, lung allocation score, donor age, donor lung ischaemic time and transplant type (single versus bilateral) were included as covariates. Time-dependent covariates were used to model differences in relative risk over time.Results
Thirty-seven males underwent LT for silicosis (n = 19) or other OLD (n = 18) during the analytic period (0.5% of all LTs). For non-silicotic OLD, 6-month and 1- and 3-year survival estimates were 66, 55 and 55%, compared with the silicotic group (86, 86 and 76%) and referent group (89, 84 and 67%). During the first year post-transplant, those with OLD (silicosis and others combined) manifested an overall 2-fold increased mortality risk [hazard ratio (HR) 2.3, 95% CI 1.3–4.4; P < 0.05] compared to referents. In stratified analysis, this increased risk of death was restricted to those with non-silicotic OLD (HR 3.1, 95% CI 1.5–6.6; P < 0.01). Poorer survival was limited to the first year post-LT.Conclusions
Subjects undergoing LT for OLD other than silicosis may be at increased risk of death in the first year post-transplantation.