Health risk factors associated with presenteeism in a Chinese enterprise

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Abstract

Background

Chronic health problems are prevalent in China and may lead to loss of work productivity through presenteeism.

Aims

To investigate the prevalence of potential risk factors for presenteeism in Chinese workers and the strength of their association with reported presenteeism.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey of employees in a Chinese petrochemical corporation included a medical examination report and questionnaire data on demographic characteristics, potential risk factors for presenteeism and presenteeism evaluation. Data were analysed using Pearson's chi-square tests, t-tests and logistic regression modelling.

Results

There were 1506 responses available for analysis; response rate 92%. The prevalence of presenteeism was 15%. Univariate analysis indicated a significantly higher prevalence of presenteeism in employees who were male, age ≤35 years, single, divorced or widowed and overweight or obese. Higher presenteeism was found in participants with high blood pressure, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, insufficient physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol use, insufficient cereal intake, life dissatisfaction and job dissatisfaction. The prevalence of presenteeism was significantly associated with the number of potential risk factors. Logistic regression disclosed six independent risk factors associated with presenteeism: hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, insufficient physical activity, alcohol drinking, insufficient cereal intake and life dissatisfaction.

Conclusions

Chronic conditions, health risk factors and presenteeism were prevalent in employees of a Chinese petrochemical corporation. Risk factors for other health conditions were associated with presenteeism. Health management programmes should be implemented to reduce risk factors and promote the health of employees in an effort to reduce presenteeism.

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