0039 A study on kap (knowledge, attitude, practice) of diabetes mellitus in an occupational health background

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Abstract

Introduction

Diabetes Mellitus, a known risk factor for CAD was chosen for study in a selected population in Occupational Health background.

Aim

KAP study to assess the need for intervention studies in lifestyle management, to conduct training for increasing awareness and to assess the final intervention impact through statistical tool.

Methods

Workplace based cross-sectional study conducted over a month by the use of questionnaire for pre and post training assessment of KAP towards DM control.

Results

56 employees were selected for study, with age 50.7±5.4 years, 15% were graduates, 46 were known diabetics, 3 non-diabetic and 7 failed to comply with survey. Of the diabetics, 43.47% had a positive family history, 23.9% had stress at work, 15.21% had diabetic complications, 54.34% were addicted. 30.4% had started early treatment, 43.47% had started late while 26.08% were not taking treatment. 79.4% were on regular treatment, while 20.6% were irregular. 26% were getting blood sugar monitored at home regularly, 76% were following exercise program, 93.5% had changed their eating habits but only 28.3% were using personalised diet charts. 65.2% were overweight during diagnosis and 34.8% did weight reduction after following lifestyle modification. Training was conducted to increase awareness about DM control and change their attitude and practice. Post training survey showed a significant improvement in KAP (p=0.001).

Discussion

Although the employees had significant knowledge about control of DM, evidenced by high pre-training value and a mild increase post training, there was marked positive change in their attitude and practice.

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