An evaluation of the employee population of the CORREO OFICIAL (LOGISTICS COMPANY) from August 2012 to April 2017 was conducted, with a primary objective of early detection of high blood pressure (HBP) and a second objective of analysing the prevalence of other cardiovascular risk factors. A subset was established to analyse the results.Methods
Prospective survey study of 16 900 employees of the CORREO OFICIAL. The sample was conducted on patients who attended the External Office of Occupational Health with different pathologies. 3000 employees were examined and divided into two groups: Mail Distributors (MD) and Administrative Office Workers (AOW). Personal data (age and gender) was recorded for each patient and follow-ups were done by phone. HBP was differentiated as either KNOWN (KHBP) or UNKNOWN (UHBP).Results
23% of the population studied suffers from HBP. Mail Distributors: KHBP: 9.1%. UHBP: 8.4%. Administrative Office Workers: KHBP: 17.7%. UHBP:11.2%. Other risk factors: Smoking. MD: 34%, AOW: 25,7%; Diabetes. MD:1,9%, AOW: 3,8%; Dyslipidemias. MD: 8%, AOW: 18,6%; Sedentary Lifestyle. MD: 0%, AOW: 65%; Overweight/Obese. MD: 48,8%, AOW: 42,5%Conclusion
The importance of tests like these which detect unknown HBP and relate it back to other cardiovascular risks factors is clear. A high prevalence of overweight/obese individuals was detected in both groups, particularly in the Mail Distributors whose job demands intense physical activity. The sedentary employees demonstrate higher levels of dyslipidemias. The low cost and simplicity of this study makes its implementation in Occupational Health Services highly recommendable worldwide.