1720c Opportunities to insert occupational health components into national health policies and programs: views and experiences

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Abstract

Several countries, like Brazil, where Workers’ Health is a clear responsibility and mandate of the Ministry of Health, are supposed to develop health policies that include basic components of the ‘Occupational Health thinking’ and approaches. These components should be included into all levels of health services, depending on the mission, responsibility and complexity of each level, as well as on the geographical coverage and mandate. Such countries, fortunately, have structured their national system taking the Primary Health Care approach as the main ‘organiser’ of the whole health system. Primary Heath Care has received some variations, and the Brazilian case is based on the Family Heath Care approach, that may be an appropriate advancement. So, entering through the ‘door’ of the Health System – i.e. the Family Health Care approach or program – it is possible to reach and access the full System, from the primary level to more elevated and complex levels. The main components of the ‘Occupational Health thinking’ and approaches that may be (and have been) successfully introduced into the national health policies and programs, in the case of some local and regional ongoing experiences in Brazil, include the following:

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