In the last two years thousands of migrants have entered Bulgaria as a boundary country to the EC. Though many of them transferred to other European country a part of them stayed at migrants’ campuses. As their qualification and health literacy differs they present a high risky group as a working force and are more prone to work accidents and occupational diseases.Introduction
The aim of the study was to assess the health literacy about work related risk factors among migrants in campuses in Bulgaria and to support the integration of foreigners in the labour market.Methods
A questionnaire was distributed among migrants in campuses and was fulfilled with the help of special trained social workers.Results
A questionnaire was distributed in 3 campuses in Bulgaria and was fulfilled by 45 migrants. Most of them were from Iraq (47%), followed by those from Afghanistan (24%). The prevailing part (80%) were men in the age group 25–25 years old. Most of the men (94,2%) had high school degree as well as 66,6% of the women. All of the men had work experience compared to 22,2% of the women. The predominant part of the participants declared they were willing to work in Bulgaria (88,8% of the women and 76,5 of the men). Half of the women were aware of more of the risk factors mentioned in the questionnaire compared to 58,8% of men.Discussion
The analysis of the results shows that half of the participants have insufficient knowledge about health risk factors including those at the workplace. That is why informational materials and activities are needed in order to prevent work accidents and occupational diseases.