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The trade of laboratory technician (TL) exposes to many risks to health, because of biological or chemical or physical exposures. But the TL occupation is constantly evolving, the techniques are constantly changing. The purpose of this article is to take stock of the occupational TL pathologies which were recently described in the literature.This is a literature review, based on Medline and Scopus medical databases, on publications between 01/01/2006 and 31/12/2016. The research was conducted in French and English. Only articles about TL in Hospital or Teaching Hospital were selected.Twenty-eight articles were studied. The main infectious pathology described was brucellosis; A case of meningitis was studied. The cutaneous allergies reported concerned sensitisation to certain solvents. There was no allergy to latex. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) were studied in 4 articles. The main MSDs were low back pain and neck pain. Several articles have been alerted on the occurrence of burnout syndrome (BO). However, no prevalence studies were conducted over the period studied.LT can present many occupational pathologies. Few articles studied the prevalence of MSD and BO.