Agriculture is one of the most hazardous occupations in the world based on work-related accidents, disease and death. It is also the sector where the vast majority of child labour is found and the principal source of employment for rural youth in developing countries. Children and youth engaged in agricultural activities are at risk of exposure to a wide range of hazards and are particularly vulnerable due to a number of behavioural and biological reasons. Much of young people’s work in agriculture takes place in remote areas and the majority of child labour is unpaid family labour. Therefore, they often fall through the cracks of traditional occupational safety and health systems and inspection. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations is working to reduce hazardous child labour in agriculture and promote safe work for youth in agriculture and related activities. By working through channels such as national agricultural extension systems, farmer field schools and rural radio, FAO aims to raise awareness on OSH issues for young workers. Particular attention is given to protecting children from pesticides. Tools such as visual facilitator’s guides for use with farmers, fishers and livestock raisers and E-learning courses aimed at ministries of agriculture, agricultural researchers and producers’ organisations have been developed to help mobilise agricultural stakeholders in protecting young workers engaged in agricultural activities, including in family-based work and in the informal economy.