The LIFE MONZA (Methodologies fOr Noise low emission Zones introduction And management) project aims to assess a methodology for the management of the Noise Low Emission Zones (LEZ), that are urban areas subject to traffic restrictions. The impacts of noise pollution will be analysed in the pilot area of the Municipality of Monza, partner of the project together with the Higher Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), the University of Florence and a private company. A relevant objective of the project concern the analysis of the effects of the introduction of the Noise LEZ on the people’s well-being conditions, through the use of proper health indicators.Methods
After an analysis of the literature, we have proposed the use of the WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire for the evaluation of quality of life (QOL), that is the only tool that has a specific environmental domain. The limit of the physical space available in the general LIFE questionnaire has led us to select five main questions to be administered. Since annoyance is set of subjective feelings, its detection is normally carried out through questionnaires, but none of them is an authoritative and validated one. Consequently, we have developed a survey instrument of four questions.Result
The administration pre-post (before and after the interventions) of the nine multiple-choice questions described above and, optionally, of the WHOQOL-Bref would provide a comparable objective score of the residents’ QOL and an estimate of the potential role of the structural changes on it.Discussion
The project intend to update the state of the art about the evaluation of QOL and annoyance. There is a wide literature regarding QOL evaluation as well as related tools of investigation. The scientific production regarding annoyance is more limited but the recent increasing of publications about this issue underlines its topicality and the need for further researches.