The challenges of the globalised economy, the increase of international transportation and other technological developments should make migration an easy move for those interested in moving to and from other countries. However this is not the common scenario of migrant workers, particularly women. Globalisation, economic crises, unemployment and increasing poverty have prompted many workers in low income countries of the Americas to seek work out of their country of origin. Women have done so but mostly reaching low-skilled-labour.
The phenomenon of migration affects Latin America and the Caribbean, just as the rest of the world. It continues to increase in volume, dynamic s and complexity since several decades, and is strongly linked to people chasing better opportunities of employment, income and work. Most of the countries are involved either as destination, transit or origin for migrators. The United States is by far the most attractive destination for most migrant workers of Latin America (ILO, 2016). However, there are also many intra-regional destinations such as Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Dominican Republic, Panama, Canada and Trinidad and Tobago; as well as other trans-continental destinations including Spain, Italy and Portugal.
This presentation will make an overview of the recommendations of ILO Regional Report, the Organisation of American States OAS, the Pan-American Health Organisation PAHO, and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ECLAC, within others. It will highlight the challenges migrant workers face for achieving better working, equitable and fair migration, often worst for women than for men. It also illustrates critical cases of inequities between and within countries, trying to understand the needs of the ever-changing migration movements, and the concentration of migration in low-skilled work such as construction, agriculture, domestic servers and homecare, within other occupations. And the conditions under which workers are integrated to the labour market (salaries, working conditions, health and safety, social protection, etc.).
In conclusion, although the phenomenon is now more visible due to research, social media and communication technologies reaching all corners of the world, policy and governance challenges remain to be a target for improving the conditions of working migrants, particularly women, in the Americas. This is an invitation to maintain research of this phenomena as a priority.