1355 Psychosocial factors in the workplace. interactions between depression and stress compared with life style risk factors

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Abstract

Introduction

As the World Health Organisation has noted, four chronic illnesses, cardiovascular, diabetes, cancer and respiratory illnesses, are responsible for more than 60% of the world’s deaths. We know that persons with these chronic illnesses have much higher rates of depression and anxiety than the general population. Major depression among persons experiencing chronic medical conditions increases the burden of their physical illness and somatic symptoms, causes an increase in functional impairment, and increases medical costs.

Methods

Our survey covers a wide range of lifestyle and health issues pertinent to adults employed in companies of the service and the industrial sector. The information analysed consists of 8000 people from different companies all over Latin America. Different risk level groups for depression and stress are compared with life style risks, health risks factors and morbid conditions (arterial tension levels, weight, exercise, eating habits, smoking and alcohol use).

Result

222 people presented very high stress rating, 816 with high stress rating, 4241 with moderate stress rating. We find that in the high-risk group for stress, all life style risk were similar at about 4%, but moving towards high risk group for stress, we find that unhealthy eating was the higher life style risk reaching a 20%, followed by smoking and alcohol consumption at 18%. This trend was more notable for the moderate stress risk group where unhealthy eating reached a 60% and alcohol, smoking and sedentary was tight at 63%. More than half of the population taking the wellness checkpoint survey presented some type of unhealthy life style risk. For the 2340 screened people for depression, 21 were found to have risk for severe depression, 43 people had risk for moderate depression and 239 people had risk for mild depression. For the high-risk group, we found alcohol consumption risk as the leading one in 8% followed by 7% of smoking. This trend can be seen better in the high and moderate risk group for depression, where alcohol consumption risk is 18% and 17% for smoking. For the mild risk group is 38% for alcohol consumption and 36% for smoking and unhealthy eating.

Discussion

From this first analysis, we observed interrelations that can contribute to open the perspectives in understanding of aetiology and pathogenical aspects, co-morbilities and treatments resources for stress and depression.

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