Risk Factors for Developing Active Tuberculosis After the Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis in Adults Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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Abstract

Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and rates of tuberculosis remain high even after preventive therapy. Among 908 HIV-infected adults in a trial of preventive treatment, we found self-reported alcohol consumption, low baseline CD4 count, high baseline viral load, and tuberculin skin test size >15 mm as independent risk factors for incident tuberculosis.

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