Ventilation in Extremely Preterm Infants and Respiratory Function at 8 Years

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(Abstracted from N Engl J Med 2017;377:329–337)It is common for extremely preterm infants (<28 weeks' gestation) to experience respiratory problems and to require assisted ventilation until they are able to breathe independently. Assisted ventilation is not without risk, however, as exposure to the airway pressure and higher concentrations of oxygen provided by the ventilators can injure the lungs and may result in arrested pulmonary development or bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

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