miR-200a has been implicated in the pathogenesis of meningiomas, one of the most common central nervous system tumors in humans. To identify how miR-200a contributes to meningioma pathogenesis at the molecular level, we used a comparative protein profiling approach using Gel-nanoLC-MS/MS and identified approximately 130 dysregulated proteins in miR-200a-overexpressing meningioma cells. Following the bioinformatic analysis to identify potential genes targeted by miR-200a, we focused on the nonmuscle heavy chain IIb (NMHCIIb), and showed that miR-200a directly targeted NMHCIIb. Considering the key roles of NMHCIIb in cell division and cell migration, we aimed to identify whether miR-200a regulated these processes through NMHCIIb. We found that NMHCIIb overexpression partially rescued miR-200a-mediated inhibition of cell migration, as well as cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, siRNA-mediated silencing of NMHCIIb expression resulted in a similar migration phenotype in these cells and inhibited meningioma tumor growth in mice. Taken together, these results suggest that NMHCIIb might serve as a novel therapeutic target in meningiomas.